Chieftaincy and Development

COURSE A.6: AFST 223
CHIEFTAINCY AND DEVELOPMENT
Course Coordinator: Rev. Dr. A.A. Akrong

Course Objective

The course will provide Level 200 students with an overview of chieftaincy and related issues and contribute to an appreciation and understanding of traditional leaderships in Africa. It will consider chieftaincy culture and traditional leadership in the contemporary Ghanaian and African context and the actual and potential role of chieftaincy institutions in the development of communities and nation states. It will also encourage students to examine the perceived developmental problems associated with traditional leaderships.
Course Outline
  1. The Concept of Development and Governance; Government and Development.
  2. Types of leaderships in Africa: Traditional and contemporary.
  1. Types of political systems and organization
  2. Features of centralized systems and acephalous systems
  3. Types of leadership: secular, ritual or priestly, elderships
  4. Traditional councils
  5. Civil Organizations
  1. Chieftaincy in the historical perspectives
  1. Pre-colonial perspectives
  2. Chieftaincy era perspectives
  1. Succession and competition for traditional high office.
  1. Modes of succession to high office
  2. Succession disputes
  1. Chieftaincy and inter and intra-ethnic conflicts
  2. Installation rites for chiefs and rites of removal from office
  3. Roles of chiefs:
  4. (a) Traditional roles
    (b) Modern roles and expectations
    (c) Roles in community development

    8. Chieftaincy and the local economy and environment

    9. Chieftaincy, Religion and rituals:
    (a) Articulation with Christianity and Islam
    (b) Taboos and prohibitions
    (c) Ritual performances
    (d) Festivals

    10. Chiefs and modern politics:
    (a) Chiefs and constitutions
    (b) Chiefs and government

    11. Gender and traditional and modern leadership:
    (a) The queen mother
    (b) The female monarch
    (c) Royal women: wives of chiefs, chiefs' sisters, mothers etc.
    (d) The magazia or village women's leader

    12. Challenges facing the institution of chieftaincy:
    (a) Impoverishment and Absenteeism
    (b) Curtailment and usurpation of traditional roles and prerogatives
    (c) Accountability
    (d) Responsibility without power and resources
    (e) Succession Disputes

    SUGGESTED READING LIST
    Austin, D. 1964 Politics in Ghana, 1941-1960, London Oxford University Press.
    Babayemi, S. O: 1986 Oyo Palace Organization Past and Present' African Notes Vol. 3,No.1 p. 4-24.
    Beattie, J.M: 1971 Checks on the Abuse of Political Power in Some African States' Sociologus 9.p97-115.
    Berntsen J.L. 1979"Maasai Age Sets and Prophetic Leadership" 1850-1910, Africa,vol. 49, p. 134.
    Busia, K. A. 1986 The Position of the Chief in the Modern Political System of Ashanti. London: Frank Cass.
    Crowder, M & Ikeme (eds) 1970 West African Chiefs. Ife.
    Drucker-Brown, Susan , Ritual aspects of the Mamprusi Kingship.Leiden Cambridge.
    Fynn, J.K: 1987 The Political System of the Fante of Ghana During the Pre-Colonial Period.UNIVERSITAS Vol. 7 p. 108-120.
    Goody J. (ed) 1966 Succession to High Office, Cambridge.
    Goody, E. 1972 Greetings, begging and the presentation of respect' in The Interpretation of Ritual(ed). J.S. Lafontaine
    Lebeuf, Annie M.D.1963 The Role of Women in the Political Organiztion of African Societies' in Women of Tropical Africa (ed) Denise Paulme.
    Lemarcharnd, R. 1970 R wanda and Burundi. London.
    Lloyd, P. C. 1965 The Political Structure of African Kingdoms' in M. Banton (ed).
    Maquet, J.J. 1961 The Premise of Inequality in Rwanda. London.
    Maquet, J.J. 1971 Power and Society in Africa. London
    Mair, Lucy 1962 Primitive Government. 1977 African Kingdoms Cheiftaincy Conference Papers
    Morton-Williams, P. 1969 The influence of habitat and trade on politics of Oyo and Ashanti in Man in Africa pp. 79-88.
    Nsarkoh, J.K. 1964 Local Government in Ghana, Universities of Ghana Press
    Rattray, R.S.1969 (1929) Ashanti L aw and Constitution .Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Rattray, R.S.1969 (1923) Ashanti. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Skinner, E.P. 1964 The Moshi of the Upper Volta (The Political Development of a Sudanese People) Stanford.
    Staniland, M. 1975 The Lions of Dagbon: Political Change in Northern Ghana.Cambridge.
    Smock, D. R. and K. Bentsi-Enchill (eds) 1975. The Search for National Integration in Africa.
    Tait, D. 1953 The Political System of Konkomba . Africa XXIII, 3. pp. 213-223.
    Wilks, I. 1975 Asante in the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge.
    Wilks, I. 1979 The Golden Stool and the Elephant Tail: An Essay in Wealth in Ashanti Research in Economic Anthropology (ed) Dalton, G. p.136.
    Young, M.W. 1966 The Divine' Kingship of the Jukun: a Re-evaluation of some Theories' Africa Vol. XXXVI No. 2.